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Vienna in 1945: Noteworthy pictures from soviet archives

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Soviet troops tried to promote Communism (and the USSR leader Joseph Stalin) as hard as they couldSoviet troops captured Vienna in 1945 after the bloody and exhausting battle. Allies signed two related documents in July, and these agreements defined the split of the Austrian capital between the Allies for the next decade. Yes, they divided Berlin in the same way, but there was one huge difference. Soviet agreed to leave Vienna in ten years.

Read more: A family murder in Vienna, 1945

You had to have an ID card to move between the occupation zones. These cards had info on four languages ​​- German, English, French, and Russian. It explained who you were, why you have this card, and why you need to cross the limitation line. The card was invalid if missing one of eleven seals from the authorities of each of the four occupying administrations.

Western occupation zones borders were removed very soon, but not the Soviet one. Moreover, citizens of Vienna’s western zones of occupation registered their trip to the Russian-controlled zone as an overseas trip.

Soviet troops left the Austrian territories in June 1954. Austrians remember many things from that period (mostly negative, and here’s’ why there were so many escapes from the Soviet occupation zone. Again, like in Berlin). They’re keeping hundreds of photographs in the archives. We selected some noteworthy pictures of Vienna of the first year of occupation, 1945, as they seemed more interesting.

Read more: 100 most important pictures in history

The building where Russian administration was located

The building where the Russian administration was located

A tram with picture of Lenin. It supposed to convert austrians to socialism

A tram with a picture of Lenin. It is supposed to convert Austrians to socialism.

Russians brought a bear to Vienna in 1945

Russians once brought a bear to the Zoo Vienna in 1945

Soviet officers with the local ortodox priest

Soviet officers with the local orthodox priest

Soviet officers dancing

Soviet officers dancing

Two female soldiers from the Soviet contingent in Vienna, 1945

Two female soldiers from the Soviet contingent in Vienna, 1945

The dining room in the soviet barracks, Vienna, 1945

The dining room in the soviet barracks, Vienna, 1945

The wardrobe room of the soviet army commanders

The wardrobe room of the soviet army commanders

Some propaganda pictures of the soviet soldiers at the restaurant in Vienna, 1945

Some propaganda pictures of the soviet soldiers at the restaurant, 1945

Russians tried to bring its singers to attract more austrians

Russians tried to bring its singers to attract more Austrians

Proclaiming the pro-communist's speeches

Proclaiming the pro-communist’s speeches

In 1945 Vienna was split on occupation zones, just as it was in Berlin

In 1945 Vienna was split into occupation zones, just as it was in Berlin

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